On 26 March 2008 the Centre for Analysis and Prevention of Corruption presented the Report "Citizens Calling the Anti-Corruption Hot-Line: Need Civic Responsibility or… Courage?"
The report makes an analysis of telephone calls registered at the anti-corruption hotline 92-79-79, during the period 1 June 2007 - 29 February 2008. Further the main findings are presented.
During 9 months of hotline operation, 914 persons benefited from free legal advice. Only 16% of people that called the hotline reported information that could be related to an alleged act of corruption, other 84% reported actions that they confused with acts of corruption, which accounts for people’s erroneous perception of this phenomena.
The analysis of people who called anti-corruption hotline shows that persons who believe that they know about a corruption case, are not indifferent and are willing to report this act, are more likely to be men, aged between 41 and 60 years, employed in private sector. At the same time, the highest likelihood of correct understanding of corruption phenomena is associated with young people below 25 years, pupils and students, or public sector employees below 40 years, i.e. namely people who are less prone to report an act of corruption. Thus, the correct perception of corruption phenomenon is inversely dependent on age and directly dependent on unwillingness to report an act of corruption. It may be concluded that the country’s young generation has a better understanding of corruption, but their indifference deprives them of civic activism and responsibility needed to report the abuse, whereas the adult and old population, although not indifferent to corruption and willing to report it, is more prone to confuse corruption with other social negative phenomena, with advancement in age.
The most frequent corruption acts communicated though the hotline 92-79-79 were related to such sectors as education (30%), police (20%), local public authorities (13%) and health care (12%). Out of the total number of complaints about corruption acts, 90% were registered in public sector and 10% referred to corruption in private sector. At the same time, the majority of informants reported a feeling of fear regarding the authorities and the possibility to cooperate with them.
The operation of the hotline within the Centre for Analysis and Prevention of Corruption demonstrated that the population: 1) does not know and does not understand what corruption is, and 2) is afraid to report the alleged corruption cases and in general to communicate directly with public authorities.
Publication available only in Romanian language